Preamble. The Parties to this Supplementary Protocol,. Being Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity. CONVENTION ON BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY. Preamble •. The Contracting Parties,. Conscious of the intrinsic value of biological diversity and of the ecological. Cooperation and Partnerships · Strategic Plan for Biodiversity ; Further Resources; Global Biodiversity Outlook · CBD Handbook · Information.
CBD? is Preamble: What
For more information on this, refer to the following guides:. The induction of nausea and vomiting is a complex physiological process. The brainstem contains a number of anatomical nausea-inducers. Unlike other neural systems, this part of the brain is not activated by electrical signals. Rather, chemical abnormalities detected in the blood set off the chemoreceptor trigger zone.
It is what causes illness after poisoning, emetic drug intake, and alcohol intoxication. Another potent activation center is the gastrointestinal tract itself. These nerves are rich in 5-HT3 serotonic neuroreceptors, which send the actual signals to the area postrema after being activated. These dampen or completely block the activation of the 5-HT3 receptors, significantly reducing nausea caused by gastrointestinal distress.
This can be extremely helpful in cases such as norovirus infection, the most common form of gastroenteritis stomach flu. Such signals can be sent from other organs as well, albeit typically weaker. These include the heart and bile ducts. These are typically sensory-based, and explain why nausea can be felt as a result of vile odors, or motion sickness. This receptor mediates inhibitory neurotransmission among 5-HT receptors, meaning it dampens signals that are too excited.
It is found nearly all over the central nervous system. So how does CBD come into play? When activated, they also:. These receptors are directly activated by CBD and other cannabinoids.
These receptors have been identified in the gastrointestinal tract and are theorized to have some connection to the area postrema, including nausea and emesis regulation. Rats administered with an emetic drug which only makes them nauseous, as rats are unable to vomit were also administered CBD, and it was found that any behavior indicating nausea was effectively eliminated, or strongly inhibited.
It was a direct success, significantly decreasing the vomiting which occurred in the shrews. This led the researchers to conclude that the combination of THC and CBDa at sub-threshold doses was an effective antiemetic, and could be used for therapeutic purposes. This is one of the most undesirable yet obnoxiously consistent side effects of chemotherapy.
With many chemo patients describing the rapid onset CINV experience as overpowering , a plethora of antiemetics have been produced to combat the condition. The 5-HT3 antagonists -setrons are the most common, those being:. Furthermore, the corticosteroid dexamethasone is somewhat effective in treating CINV. Many other drug classes treat CINV:. So, pretty much everything. Nothing quite compares to cannabinoids, however.
As you can see, there is strong overlap with the rat and shrew studies in terms of cannabinoid effects on nausea. These are typically very effective, but can carry side effects. Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome , or CHS , is a paradoxical and poorly understood affliction sometimes induced in long-time cannabis users.
Financial Resources Article Financial Mechanism Article Relationship with Other International Conventions Article Conference of the Parties Article Settlement of Disputes Article Adoption of Protocols Article Amendment of the Convention or Protocols Article Adoption and Amendment of Annexes Article Right to Vote Article Relationship between this Convention and Its Protocols Article Ratification, Acceptance or Approval Article Entry Into Force Article Financial Interim Arrangements Article Secretariat Interim Arrangements Article Arbitration Annex II - Part 2.
Conciliation These items will be permanently deleted and may not be recovered. General Measures for Conservation and Sustainable Use. Sustainable Use of Components of Biological Diversity. Public Education and Awareness. Impact Assessment and Minimizing Adverse Impacts. Access to Genetic Resources. Access to and Transfer of technology.
Technical and Scientific Cooperation. Handling of Biotechnology and Distribution of its Benefits. Relationship with Other International Conventions.
Cannabis and CBD Oil for Nausea
Text by Article. Preamble · Article 1. Objectives · Article 2. Use of Terms · Article 3. Principle · Article 4. Jurisdictional Scope · Article 5. Cooperation · Article 6. CBD Preamble: Affirming that the conservation of biological diversity is a common concern of humankind. → The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity. A liaison group of the secretariats of the three Rio conventions (CBD, UNFCCC make reference to the Preamble of the Convention.