Bipolar disorders are one of several medical conditions called depressive One year-old reader who was diagnosed with bipolar disorder at 14 wrote to us. Some children and teens with these symptoms may have bipolar disorder, a serious mental illness. This brochure will give you more information. Information for young people about bipolar affective disorder, and some practical How common is bipolar disorder? . Case study: Christina's story, aged
Bipolar Disorder 16.
If the neurotransmitters aren't in balance, the brain's mood-regulating system won't work the way it should. Genes also play a role. If a close relative has bipolar disorder, a person's risk of developing the condition is higher.
This doesn't mean, though, that if you have a relative with bipolar disorder you will automatically develop it! Even in studies involving identical twins raised in the same home, one twin sometimes had bipolar disorder whereas the other did not. Researchers are now working on identifying the gene or genes involved in bipolar disorder.
Environmental factors may play a role in bipolar disorder. For some teens, stresses such as a death in the family, their parents' divorce , or other traumatic events could trigger a first episode of mania or depression. Sometimes, going through the changes of puberty can set off an episode. In girls, symptoms can be tied to their monthly menstrual cycle. Most people with bipolar disorder can be helped — but a psychiatrist or psychologist must first diagnose the disorder.
Sadly, many people with the condition are never diagnosed or are not diagnosed properly. Without proper diagnosis and treatment, the disorder can become worse. Some teens with undiagnosed bipolar disorder can end up in a psychiatric hospital or residential treatment center, in the juvenile justice system, abusing drugs, or committing suicide.
Because children and teens with bipolar disorder do not usually show the same patterns of behavior as adults who have the condition, a mental health professional will observe a teen's behavior carefully before making a diagnosis. This includes getting a complete history of the person's past and present experiences. Family members and friends can also provide helpful insights into the person's behavior.
The doctor may also want a teen to have a medical exam to rule out other conditions. Diagnosing bipolar disorder can be difficult. As yet, there aren't any laboratory tests like a brain scan or blood test that will diagnose it. In teens, bipolar disorder can sometimes be mistaken for illnesses like schizophrenia and posttraumatic stress disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD , and other depressive disorders. That's why a complete, detailed history is so important.
Although there's no cure for bipolar disorder, treatment can help stabilize moods and help the person manage and control symptoms. Like other teens with long-lasting medical conditions such as asthma , diabetes , or epilepsy , teens with bipolar disorder need to work closely with their doctors and other medical professionals to treat it.
This team of medical professionals, together with the teen and family, develop what is called a treatment plan. Before your appointment, please read our practice policies and complete the patient reported outcomes. The clinical staff here are happy to discuss the details with you and answer any questions you may have before we begin our sessions. A care team is a group of multiple specialists working together to treat your specific needs.
Led by nurses and doctors, the team may feature experts like dietitians, physical therapists, social workers, dermatologists or emotional health professionals. We understand that your health can be affected by a variety of factors and our experts are here to help you navigate them. Search UT Health Austin.
A, Austin, TX Bipolar Disorder Center We believe everyone should have access to high quality, high value mental health care. Medication Management Medication management is a strategy for engaging with patients and caregivers to create a complete, accurate and optimized medication profile.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy CBT CBT is a time-sensitive, structured, present-oriented psychotherapy directed toward solving current problems and teaching clients skills to modify dysfunctional thinking and behavior. Dialectical Behavior Therapy DBT DBT emphasizes individual psychotherapy and group skills training classes to help people learn and use new skills and strategies to develop a life that they experience as worth living.
Psychoeducation Psychoeducation is the process of providing mental health education and information. Relapse Prevention Consists of a comprehensive relapse prevention plan to aid in preventing a new mood episode. Motivational Interviewing Motivational interviewing is a goal-oriented, client-centered counseling style for eliciting behavior change by helping clients to explore and resolve ambivalence.
Click here to find out more information on youth suicide. What causes Bipolar Disorder and who is at risk? How can you tell if someone you know might have Bipolar Disorder? The teenager must experience at least one manic episode, although he or she will likely also experience depressive episodes.
The teenager must experience at least one depressive episode and one hypomanic episode. A hypomanic episode is a less-severe version of a manic episode. See below for further details. Depressive Episodes These look similar to the depressive episodes experienced when someone has Depression. Feeling sad and low most of the day Losing interest and pleasure in most activities Losing or gaining a considerable amount of weight Eating a lot more or a lot less than usual Difficulty sleeping or sleeping all the time Restlessness or a sense of moving in slow motion that is noticeable to others Fatigue or lack of energy Feeling worthless or guilty for no reason Difficulty thinking or concentrating Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide.
Manic Episodes These occur most of the day, nearly every day for at least one week. Inflated self-esteem or grandiosity e.
How is Mania different from feeling extremely happy? Is there a connection between self-injury and Bipolar Disorder? What can you do if you are concerned that someone you know might have Bipolar Disorder?
Ask the person a few questions to get a better sense of what is going on: Do people ever tell you that you seem really agitated, talkative or distractible? Do you have periods of time when you feel like you could do absolutely anything, no matter how difficult or unlikely it might be? Do you have periods of time where you do things that other people consider to be really risky, like unprotected sex, drug use, gambling or expensive shopping sprees?
Do you have periods of time where you feel really low, sad or depressed? Do you have periods of time where you lose interest in the things you usually enjoy? Do you have periods of time where you sleep much more or much less than usual?
Do you have periods of time where you have difficulty thinking or concentrating? Do you ever think about committing suicide? What can you do if someone in your life has been diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder?
Learn about Bipolar Disorder and the treatment options available. Read books, trusted websites and discuss any concerns or questions with a health care provider.
Use a calendar, journal or something you design together with the treatment team to keep track of what is happening and when. The journal can include: Sharing this information with the mental health team can them improve and modify the treatment plan.
Help the young person identify when he or she is acting irrationally or engaging in risky behaviour. Share this information or encourage the young person to share with his or her health care provider. Encourage him or her to avoid drugs or alcohol. Taking drugs or drinking alcohol can be highly toxic to someone with Bipolar Disorder.
These substances can make it harder to treat the illness or even cause it to come back when it has been successfully treated. Ensure the young person is getting enough sleep every night hours. Sleep is restorative and lack of sleep can trigger an episode of Mania. For tips on healthy sleeping, check out: When you listen to and acknowledge his or her feelings, it sends the message that you care.
Knowing that you have people who care about you is an important part of coping with a mental disorder.
Bipolar disorder: Identifying and supporting patients in primary care
Bipolar disorder can be challenging to diagnose and manage. .. lithium”) Other medicines used in the management of patients with bipolar disorder include. Learn more about the different types of bipolar disorder. about monitoring their mood cycles and symptoms, and for encouraging treatment compliance This factsheet explains the symptoms of bipolar disorder, treatments and Bipolar disorder is treated with medication or talking therapies. . the condition.