Now that five years have passed since the reforms were enacted, the evidence shows that while much success has been attained, there are remaining . Patient engagement is an increasingly important component of strategies to reform health care. In this article we review the available evidence of the contribution. What the. Evidence. Shows. Executive Summary. Harvard Project Zero. Reviewing Education and the. Arts Project (REAP). Funded by the Bauman Foundation.
the evidence shows What
The focus of criminal evidence is to connect physical evidence and reports of witnesses to a specific person. The path that physical evidence takes from the scene of a crime or the arrest of a suspect to the courtroom is called the chain of custody. In a criminal case, this path must be clearly documented or attested to by those who handled the evidence. If the chain of evidence is broken, a defendant may be able to persuade the judge to declare the evidence inadmissible.
Presenting evidence before the court differs from the gathering of evidence in important ways. Gathering evidence may take many forms; presenting evidence that tend to prove or disprove the point at issue is strictly governed by rules. Failure to follow these rules leads to any number of consequences.
In law, certain policies allow or require evidence to be excluded from consideration based either on indicia relating to reliability, or broader social concerns.
Testimony which tells and exhibits which show are the two main categories of evidence presented at a trial or hearing. In the United States, evidence in federal court is admitted or excluded under the Federal Rules of Evidence.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Evidence disambiguation. This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Material supporting an assertion. Legal burden of proof and Philosophic burden of proof. Antihumanism Empiricism Rationalism Scientism.
Non-Euclidean geometry s Uncertainty principle Behavioralism Post-behavioralism Critical rationalism Criticism of science Epistemology anarchism idealism nihilism pluralism realism Holism Instrumentalism Modernism Naturalism in literature Nomothetic—idiographic distinction Objectivity in science Operationalism Phenomenalism Philosophy of science Deductive-nomological model Ramsey sentence Sense-data theory Qualitative research Relationship between religion and science Sociology Social science Philosophy Structural functionalism Structuralism Structuration theory.
Methodenstreit s Werturteilsstreit — Positivismusstreit s Fourth Great Debate in international relations s Science wars s. Knowledge Objectivity Phronesis Truth Verstehen. Retrieved from " https: Evidence Concepts in epistemology. Individual differences in the structure of affective experience.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, Distinguishing depression from anxiety in self-report: Evidence from confirmatory factor analysis on nonclinical and clinical samples. Emotion category accessibility and the decoding of emotion from facial expression and context. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 15, The laws of emotion. How biological is essentialism? Language and the construc- tion of emotional percepts.
Manuscript under review, Boston College. Conceptual interrelatedness and caricatures. The neural bases of cognitive conflict and control of moral judgment. The emotional dog and its rational tail: A social intuitionist approach to moral judgment. Psychological Review, , International Journal of Behavioral Development, 10, Facial patterning and infant emotional expression: Happiness, surprise, and fear. Child Development, 50, Recent developments in the field of emotion.
Psychological Bulletin, 38, Innate and universal facial expressions: Evidence from developmental and cross-cultural research. What is an emotion? The physical basis of emotion. Facial expression of emotion. L, and Whalen, P. Inverse amygdala and medial prefrontal cortex responses to surprised faces.
Neuroreport, 14 18 , Transnational competence in an emergent epoch. International Studies Perspectives, 3, Emotion, attention and the startle reflex. Psychological Review, 97, Affective, facial, visceral, and behavioral reactions. Psychophysiology, 30 3 , Stress, appraisal and coping. The mysterious underpinnings of emotional life. Autonomic nervous system differences among emotions. Psychologi- cal Science, 3, Emotion, physiology, and expression in old age.
Psychology and Aging, 6, Voluntary facial action generates emo- tion-specific autonomic nervous system activity. Gene, organism, and environment. Chapter to appear in M. Language and the perception of emotion. The role of affect in decision making. Psychosomatic disease and the visceral brain. Psychosomatic Medicine, 11, The tie that binds? Coherence among emotion experience, behavior, and physiology.
The experience and meta-experience of mood. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 55, Cambridge Uni- versity Press. Emotions as dynamic cultural phenomena. Infant facial expressions and emotions. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, A theoretical and conceptual analysis. Ac- tivation of the right inferior frontal cortex during assessment of facial emotion.
Journal of Neurophysiology, 82, The problem of the frontal lobe: Journal of Psychi- atric Research, 8, Research with the mood adjective check list. Cardiorespiratory differentiation of musically-induced emotions. Journal of Psychophysiology, 11, The cardiac-somatic rela- tionship: Psychophysiology, 6 5 , The neuroscience of emotion.
Current issues and future directions pp. Fears, phobias, and preparedness: Toward an evolved module of fear and fear learning. Psychological Review, 3 , The organization of networks within the orbital and medial prefrontal cortex of rats, monkeys, and humans.
Cerebral Cortex, 10 3 , The cognitive structure of emotions. Conscious and unconscious emotion in nonlinguistic vocal communication. The foundations of human and animal emotions. A proposed mechanism of emotion. An inkblot for attitudes: Affect misattribution as implicit measurement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychol- ogy, 89, The logic of scientific discovery. Emotional learning and mechanisms of intentional psychological change. Origins and functions of intentional self-development pp.
Are happiness and sadness truly opposite affects? Motivation and Emotion, 30, The Schachter theory of emotion: Psychological Bulletin, 94, A theory of therapy, personality, and interpersonal relationships, as developed from the client-centered framework. A study of science. The brain and emotion. Appraisals of emotion-eliciting events: Testing a theory of discrete emotions.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 59, Psychology of feeling and emotion. Pancultural aspects of human conceptual organization of emotions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 45, Is there universal recognition of emotion from facial expression? A review of the cross-cultural studies. Facial expressions of emotion: Psychological Bulletin, 3 , Core affect and the psychological construction of emotion.
Facial and vocal expressions of emotion. Annual Review of Psychology, 54, Core affect, prototypical emotional episodes, and other things called emotion: Journal of Personality and Social Psycho- logical, 76 5 , A single-item scale of pleasure and arousal.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, The psychology of affiliation. Cognitive, social, and physiological determinants of emotional state. Psychological Review, 69, On the nature and function of emotion: A component process approach. The role of culture in emotion-antecedent appraisal. Journal of Personal- ity and Social Psychology, 73, Appraisal processes in emotion: An evolutionary and developmental theory of biphasic processes underly- ing approach and withdrawal.
Mood, misattribution, and judgments of well-being: Informative and directive functions of affective states. Signalers and receivers in animal communication.
The cultural psychology of emotions. Emotion as an interpretive system. Cardiovascular differentiation of emo- tions. Psychosomatic Medicine, 54, Patterns of cognitive appraisal in emotion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 48, Toward delivering on the promise of appraisal theory. Theory, methods, research pp. Oxford Uni- versity Press. American Psychologist, 55, The first year of life. The autonomic differentiation of emotions revisited: Convergent and discriminant validation.
Modulation of the C1 visual event-related component by conditioned stimuli: Evidence for sensory plasticity in early affective per- ception.
Cerebral Cortex, 16, When preferences need inferences: A direct com- parison of the automaticity of cognitive versus affective priming. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, Time course of regional brain activations during facial emotion recognition in humans. Neuroscience Letters, 34, Neurophysiological correlates of the recognition of facial expres- sions of emotion as revealed by magnetoencephalography. Cognitive Brain Research, 7, Unobservable facial actions and emotion.
Psycho- logical Science, 3, The psychology of evaluation. Handbook of basic principles pp. The biopsychology of mood and activation. Behavior systems, associationism, and Pavlovian conditioning. A textbook of psychology. A causal analysis of story structure. Identification and inferential processes in dispositional attribution. Psycho- logical Review, 93, The disposition to experience aver- sive emotional states.
Psychological Bulletin, 96, Manual for the positive and negative affect schedule expanded form. Development and validation of brief mea- sures of positive and negative affect: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, Toward a consensual structure of mood.
Psychological Bulletin, 98, Masked presentations of emotional facial expressions: Modulate amygdala activity with- out explicit knowledge. Journal of Neuroscience, 18 1 , Language, thought, and reality. Cognitive Science, 16, Developmental Psychology, 39, The effects of stimulus novelty and familiarity on neuro- nal activity in the amygdala of monkeys performing recognition memory tasks.
Experi- mental Brain Research, 93 3 , Novelty responses and differential effects of order in the amygdala, substan- tia innominata, and inferior temporal cortex. NeuroImage, 18 3 , Emotion in man and animal; its nature and relation to attitude and motive. The multiple affect adjec- tive checklist revised.
Educational and Industrial Testing Service. Human behavior forms the nucleus of military effectiveness. Humans operating in the complex military system must possess the knowledge, skills, abilities, aptitudes, and temperament to perform their roles effectively in a reliable and predictable manner, and effective military management requires understanding of how these qualities can be best provided and assessed. Scientific research in this area is critical to understanding leadership, training and other personnel issues, social interactions and organizational structures within the military.
Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences ARI asked the National Research Council to provide an agenda for basic behavioral and social research focused on applications in both the short and long-term.
The committee responded by recommending six areas of research on the basis of their relevance, potential impact, and timeliness for military needs: The committee suggests doubling the current budget for basic research for the behavioral and social sciences across U. The additional funds can support approximately 40 new projects per year across the committee's recommended research areas. Human Behavior in Military Contexts includes committee reports and papers that demonstrate areas of stimulating, ongoing research in the behavioral and social sciences that can enrich the military's ability to recruit, train, and enhance the performance of its personnel, both organizationally and in its many roles in other cultures.
Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website. Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book.
To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter. In Europe, concerns about the risks of dilution error and microbial contamination during this lengthy process were eased last year, when a French company began selling single-dose cefuroxime, called Aprokam, for intracameral injection.
The drug is also sold under the names Prokam and Aprok. Chang and others have called publicly for a U. Antibiotic solutions prepared for intracameral injection should be free of preservatives or other additives, Dr. An outbreak of toxic anterior segment syndrome TASS was reported after a compounding pharmacist—who was diluting topical moxifloxacin for intracameral use—used Moxeza, which contains a preservative and other additives, instead of Vigamox, which is preservative free.
TASS and permanent visual loss have been reported after dosing errors. At the conclusion of surgery, I inject 0. What about fears that using a last-ditch antibiotic in this way might increase bacterial resistance in exposed ocular bacteria? Topical moxifloxacin Vigamox 0. At least one study has reported that moxifloxacin, a broad-spectrum, fourth-generation fluoroquinolone, is well tolerated in the anterior segment. The process of sourcing and handling the medication in the OR is not difficult, he added.
The scrub nurse withdraws some in a sterile manner prior to eye-drop administration. If the center where he will be operating balks at paying for the drug, Dr. Epstein writes a prescription for it preoperatively and instructs the patient to bring the unopened bottle to the OR on the day of surgery.
The eyedrops are administered preoperatively. Then, at the end of the case, I administer 0. More than 4, eyes after he began this routine, Dr. Epstein has this verdict:
Evidence shows Khashoggi murder planned, carried out by Saudi officials: U.N.
Selective episiotomy appears to offer a number of important benefits compared to routine use, but the debate endures. Dr. Repke reviews the evidence on. Alzheimer disease: What new evidence shows. Uriri-Glover, Johannah PhD, MSCR, RN ; McCarthy, Marianne PhD, ANP-BC, GNP-BC, FAANP ; Cesarotti. Read chapter The Science of Emotion: What People Believe, What the Evidence Shows, and Where to Go From Here--Lisa Feldman Barrett: Human behavior.