Numerous lines of evidence suggest a correlation between cannabis consumption and a variety of psychiatric conditions, including. Cannabis-induced psychosis is a possible side effect of excessive marijuana consumption. In those who face a high risk for someday developing a psychotic. Forty-seven percent of individuals who experience acute psychotic symptoms following marijuana use later develop schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Half do .
He would laugh at himself one moment and become tearful the next. He spoke at normal rate but in low tones. His thought process was linear but limited to only few-word answers. His thought content included several delusions, such as being a billionaire because of his successful music career. He stated that he owned the hospital and all the staff. He reported that his father wanted him dead because of his successful career.
No auditory or visual hallucinations were endorsed; however, he seemed to be internally preoccupied with staring at himself in the mirror and talking to unseen others for hours at a time. His insight and judgment were poor: No suicidal and homicidal ideations were reported at that time. Summary formulation and differential diagnosis. X was readmitted to GBHC one week after discharge after being nonadherent with his follow-up recommendations. This time he displayed delusional ideations, extreme grandiosity, and mood lability.
He was hospitalized for a duration of four months. During the first two months, he refused to take any medications and continued to display this same bizarre behavior. In addition, he appeared to be internally preoccupied and would stare at himself and talk to himself for hours at a time. His diagnosis was soon changed to bipolar disorder with psychotic features.
X was asymptomatic with no residual signs of psychotic or affective symptoms. Several case studies and longitudinal studies have illustrated the link between acute psychosis and mania associated with cannabis. His case is unique because we had the opportunity to observe him firsthand longitudinally over a four-month period, saw how cannabis use can cause psychotic symptoms, and followed him through his course as he developed a more severe affective and psychotic disorder. As there is an increase in the use of cannabis among younger individuals and a rise in schizophrenia in this younger population, we must be aware of the potential harm of cannabis abuse.
He soon recovered without any use of medications. The only insightful data we could gather about his vulnerability, aside from age of onset with cannabis use, was from his MMPI.
The report gave evidence as to the nature of his personality. This was an individual who had elements of paranoia, grandiosity, risk of addiction, and antisocial traits. According to Regier et al, 15 It seems that Mr. After his first discharge, he was nonadherent and did not follow up with the university psychiatrist. Review of literature has shown that cannabis use was consistently associated with relapse and nonadherence to treatment in psychotic patients. When he was admitted the second time, his behavior was more exaggerated than the first hospitalization.
Being that his drug test came back positive for cannabis, we felt strongly that this was another case of cannabis-induced psychosis. X stayed at GBHC for a total of four months and was not treated the first two months.
His behavior soon changed after starting olanzapine and divalproex sodium. He had a more stable mood and less internal preoccupation. Since his symptoms resolved with these medications, we feel that the cannabis affected his neurochemical system in a chronic way causing him to have long-term problems.
As our case report demonstrates, there are individuals who are otherwise healthy, with no genetic predisposition, who can be diagnosed with a psychiatric illness purely with cannabis abuse.
This goes along with the first hypothesis that cannabis use causes psychotic symptoms in an otherwise healthy individual, which would not have occurred with abstinence.
One would argue that someone who had a first episode psychosis with cannabis use is itself a risk factor for having a subsequent psychotic or mood disorder. These are the patients we should follow closely to help prevent from having long-term consequences secondary to cannabis abuse. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Psychiatry Edgmont v. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer.
There was no funding for the development and writing of this article. Reports of cannabis psychosis only come from the UK and British Commonwealth nations.
We had something similar in the US. No one has ever committed a crime under the influence of alcohol. Plus it cures mental illness and makes you healthier.
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Causation has not been proven. Randi Druzin Randi Druzin is an author and journalist in Toronto. Is There Any Truth to It? More by Randi Druzin. Thank you for your rationale and logic, quite refreshing. The outright lies just keep on coming…. Try that with alcool. Well, the brown acid calmed them down. Else it would have been reefer madness! However, if psychotic symptoms persist, treatment providers may choose to use medications to manage these symptoms.
After detox completes, the patient may enter an inpatient or outpatient program depending on the severity of their addiction. The severity of their psychotic symptoms may also determine the type of treatment plan that the rehab facility creates. The type of medications prescribed includes antipsychotic medications, like Abilify and Zyprexa, antidepressants , like Prozac and Zoloft ; and anti-anxiety medications, like Paxil and Celexa. Cannabis and Psychosis Some relevant facts to remember about psychosis and marijuana include: If you or someone you know struggles with a substance use disorder and psychotic symptoms , help is available.
At The Recovery Village, a team of professionals can design an individualized treatment plan to address your specific disorders. Call and speak with a representative to learn more about which treatment program could work for you. Is Marijuana a Gateway Drug? Read the most frequently asked questions See also Marijuana Edibles: Does Marijuana Cause Schizophrenia?
Mental Health First Aid. Don't wait another day. Help is a phone call away. By The Recovery Village. Can Marijuana Use Cause Psychosis? Drugs and other substances are one of the primary triggers of psychotic symptoms.
This type of condition is referred to as drug or alcohol-related psychosis and can occur with the use of several substances including stimulants , or hallucinogenic drugs like LSD and alcohol. For some people, the use of a substance can trigger psychosis but if someone with a substance use disorder attempts to quit using the substance abruptly, they can experience psychosis as well.
Symptoms of Marijuana Psychosis. When people experience acute intoxication from marijuana symptoms can include feeling separated from reality and experiencing visual or auditory hallucinations and delusions. Psychosis Caused by Synthetic Cannabis Spice.
Mental health expert warns of 'significant increase' in cannabis-induced psychosis
Here we present a case of a college student who initially suffered from an acute psychotic breakdown secondary to cannabis abuse that manifested into bipolar. We briefly review the evidence that cannabis use in adolescence and young adulthood is a contributory cause of schizophreniform psychoses, by summarising. The Child Mind Institute explains the link between marijuana and psychosis. one joint, for example, that caused their psychotic illness,” says Dr. Birnbaum.