New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of Australia. It borders Queensland to the north, Victoria to the south, and South Australia to. The official NSW Government website. Find NSW government services to help you or contact the Premier of NSW and NSW Ministers. New South Wales Wine, Wilderness, Natural Wonders. New South Wales has endless unspoilt beaches, breathtaking natural treasures and one of the world’s most famous and vibrant cities. The vibrant capital city of Sydney is your base for exploring New South Wales.
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The state can be divided geographically into four areas. New South Wales' three largest cities, Sydney, Newcastle and Wollongong, lie near the centre of a narrow coastal strip extending from cool temperate areas on the far south coast to subtropical areas near the Queensland border.
The Illawarra region is centred on the city of Wollongong, with the Shoalhaven , Eurobodalla and the Sapphire Coast to the south. Tourism is important to the economies of coastal towns such as Coffs Harbour , Lismore , Nowra and Port Macquarie , but the region also produces seafood, beef, dairy, fruit, sugar cane and timber.
Skiing in Australia began in this region at Kiandra around The relatively short ski season underwrites the tourist industry in the Snowy Mountains. Agriculture, particularly the wool industry, is important throughout the highlands. One of the widespread fungi is Witch's Butter Tremella mesenterica.
The western slopes and plains fill a significant portion of the state's area and have a much sparser population than areas nearer the coast. Agriculture is central to the economy of the western slopes, particularly the Riverina region and Murrumbidgee Irrigation Area in the state's south-west.
Regional cities such as Albury , Dubbo , Griffith and Wagga Wagga and towns such as Deniliquin , Leeton and Parkes exist primarily to service these agricultural regions. The western slopes descend slowly to the western plains that comprise almost two-thirds of the state and are largely arid or semi-arid.
The mining town of Broken Hill is the largest centre in this area. Rainfall averages from to millimetres 5. Summer temperatures can be very hot, while winter nights can be quite cold in this region. Rainfall varies throughout the state. The climate along the flat, coastal plain east of the range varies from oceanic in the south to humid subtropical in the northern half of the state, right above Wollongong.
Along the southern coast, rainfall is heaviest in winter due to cold fronts which move across southern Australia. While in the far north, around Lismore , rain is heaviest in summer from tropical systems and occasionally even cyclones. The climate in the southern half of the state is generally warm to hot in summer and cool in the winter.
The seasons are more defined in the southern half of the state, especially as one moves inland towards South West Slopes , Central West and the Riverina region. The climate in the northeast region of the state, or the North Coast , bordering Queensland , is hot and humid in the summer and mild in winter.
The Northern Tablelands , which are also on the north coast, have relatively mild summers and cold winters, due to their high elevation on the Great Dividing Range. Temperatures can be cool to cold in winter with frequent frosts and snowfall , and are rarely hot in summer due to the elevation.
Lithgow has a climate typical of the range, as do the regional cities of Orange , Cooma , Oberon and Armidale. Such places fall within the subtropical highland Cwb variety.
Snowfall is common in the higher parts of the range, sometimes occurring as far north as the Queensland border. On the highest peaks of the Snowy Mountains , the climate can be subpolar oceanic and even alpine on the higher peaks with very cold temperatures and heavy snow.
The Blue Mountains , Southern Tablelands and Central Tablelands , which are situated on the Great Dividing Range, have mild to warm summers and cold winters, although not as severe as those in the Snowy Mountains. The highest maximum temperature recorded was This is also the lowest temperature recorded in the whole of Australia excluding the Antarctic Territory. Since the s, New South Wales has undergone an increasingly rapid economic and social transformation.
New industries such as information technology and financial services are largely centred in Sydney and have risen to take their place, with many companies having their Australian headquarters in Sydney CBD. Coal and related products are the state's biggest export. Tourism has also become important, with Sydney as its centre, also stimulating growth on the North Coast, around Coffs Harbour and Byron Bay.
The output of these is anticipated to be able to power up to , homes. Agriculture is spread throughout the eastern two-thirds of New South Wales.
Cattle, sheep and pigs are the predominant types of livestock produced in NSW and they have been present since their importation during the earliest days of European settlement. Economically the state is the most important state in Australia, with about one-third of the country's sheep, one-fifth of its cattle, and one-third of its small number of pigs. Wools are produced on the Northern Tablelands as well as prime lambs and beef cattle. On the central slopes there are many orchards, with the principal fruits grown being apples, cherries and pears.
About 40, hectares of vineyards lie across the eastern region of the state, with excellent wines produced in the Hunter Valley , with the Riverina being the largest wine producer in New South Wales. About half of Australia's timber production is in New South Wales. Large areas of the state are now being replanted with eucalyptus forests. This change was named "The Domestic Stock Right" which gives "an owner or occupier of a landholding is entitled to take water from a river, estuary or lake which fronts their land or from an aquifer which is underlying their land for domestic consumption and stock watering without the need for an access licence.
The National Parks Association was formed in to create a system of national parks all over New South Wales which led to the formation of the National Parks and Wildlife Service in Throughout Australian history, New South Wales sporting teams have been very successful in both winning domestic competitions and providing players to the Australian national teams.
Sydney is the spiritual home of Australian rugby league and hosts nine of the 16 NRL teams: A tenth team, the Newcastle Knights is located in Newcastle. The state is represented by four teams in soccer 's A-League: Australian rules football has historically not been strong in New South Wales outside the Riverina region.
However, the Sydney Swans relocated from South Melbourne in and their presence and success since the late s has raised the profile of Australian rules football , especially after their AFL premiership in The popular equine sports of campdrafting and polocrosse were developed in New South Wales and competitions are now held across Australia.
Polocrosse is now played in many overseas countries. As Australia's most populous state, New South Wales is home to a number of cultural institutions of importance to the nation. Australia's largest opera company, Opera Australia , is headquartered in Sydney.
Both of these organisations perform a subscription series at the Sydney Opera House. Other major musical bodies include the Australian Chamber Orchestra. Sydney is host to the Australian Ballet for its Sydney season the ballet is headquartered in Melbourne. Sydney is home to five Arts teaching organisations, which have all produced world-famous students: New South Wales is the setting and shooting location of many Australian films, including Mad Max 2 , which was shot near the mining town of Broken Hill.
The state has also attracted international productions, both as a setting, such as in Mission: The state currently has 7 sister states: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the historical region of Canada, see New Britain Canada. For other uses, see NSW disambiguation. History of New South Wales. Government of New South Wales. The Sydney central business district is Australia's largest financial centre.
A portion of the eastern end of the Newcastle foreshore. Transport in New South Wales. A Sydney Waratah Train approaching Flemington. New South Wales and its highways. Record of School Achievement. Geography of New South Wales. Economy of New South Wales. Protected areas of New South Wales. Sport in New South Wales. Retrieved 29 January The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 13 October Retrieved 5 November Retrieved 23 January Retrieved 22 January Retrieved 9 December Archived from the original on 18 September Retrieved 5 October Australian Bureau of Statistics.
Estimated resident population, 30 June Archived from the original on 22 September Retrieved 21 September Wharton's preface to his transcription of Cook's journal. Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 13 January Retrieved 4 December Retrieved 30 December Retrieved 4 May Transport for New South Wales. Retrieved 10 July Retrieved 28 October Archived from the original on 16 August Archived from the original on 19 October Retrieved 23 November Michael Hogan, Witch's Butter: Tremella mesenterica , GlobalTwitcher.
Stromberg Archived 21 September at the Wayback Machine. Archived from the original on 22 August Retrieved 16 May Retrieved 14 November Retrieved 12 March Retrieved 17 July Retrieved 16 February Retrieved 31 August Tourism New South Wales.
New South Wales Government. Archived from the original on 3 February Retrieved 7 March Retrieved on 7 March Retrieved 9 April Archived from the original on 4 August Retrieved 1 March Retrieved 3 October Retrieved 15 December Archived from the original on 14 November International exchange activated with globalization. Archived from the original on 30 September Retrieved 1 November New South Wales portal.
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New South Wales
New South Wales  (NSW) is one of Australia's south-eastern states, lying to the east of South Australia, to the south of Queensland and to the north of Victoria. New South Wales: Geographical and historical treatment of New South Wales, Australia, including maps and a survey of its people, economy, and geography. Visiting NSW, Australia? The official softwareengineeringbooks.info website has information about accommodation, events, the latest deals & things to do in NSW.