The most common causes of muscle pain are tension, stress, overuse and minor injuries. This type of pain is usually localized, affecting just a few muscles or a. What types of medical conditions can cause muscle pain? Not all muscle aches are related to stress, tension, and physical activity. Some medical explanations. Because there is muscle tissue in nearly all parts of the body, this type of pain can be felt practically anywhere What Read More.
Muscle pain also can be a sign of conditions affecting your whole body. For example, some infections including the flu and disorders that affect connective tissues throughout the body such as lupus can cause muscle pain.
One common cause of muscle aches and pain is fibromyalgia , a condition that causes tenderness in your muscles and surrounding soft tissue, sleep difficulties, fatigue, and headaches. For muscle pain from overuse or injury, rest the affected body part and take acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
Apply ice for the first 24 to 72 hours after injury to reduce pain and inflammation. After that, heat often feels more soothing.
Muscle aches from overuse and fibromyalgia often respond well to massage. Gentle stretching exercises after a long rest period are also helpful. Regular exercise can help restore proper muscle tone. Walking, cycling, and swimming are good aerobic activities to try. A physical therapist can teach you stretching, toning, and aerobic exercises to help you feel better and stay pain-free.
Begin slowly and increase workouts gradually. Avoid high-impact aerobic activities and weight lifting when injured or while in pain. Be sure to get plenty of sleep and try to reduce stress. Yoga and meditation are excellent ways to help you sleep and relax. If home measures aren't working, your health care provider may prescribe medicine or physical therapy. You may need to be seen at a specialized pain clinic.
If your muscle aches are due to a specific disease, do the things your provider has told you to treat the underlying condition. Your provider will perform a physical examination and ask questions about your muscle pain, such as:. Fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and myofascial pain. Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. The most common causes of muscle aches and pains are: Injury or trauma, including sprains and strains Overuse including using a muscle too much, too soon before warming up, or too often Tension or stress Muscle pain may also be due to: Certain drugs, including ACE inhibitors for lowering blood pressure, cocaine, and statins for lowering cholesterol Dermatomyositis Electrolyte imbalance, such as too little potassium or calcium Fibromyalgia Infections, including the flu, Lyme disease , malaria , muscle abscess , polio , Rocky Mountain spotted fever, trichinosis roundworm Lupus Polymyalgia rheumatica Polymyositis Rhabdomyolysis.
These steps may help lower the risk for getting muscle aches: Stretch before and after exercising. Warm up before exercising and cool down afterward. Drink lots of fluids before, during, and after exercise. If you work in the same position most of the day such as sitting at a computer , stretch at least every hour. When to Contact a Medical Professional. Call your health care provider if: Learn how and when to remove these template messages.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Injury or trauma, including sprains, hematoma Overuse: Rhabdomyolysis , associated with: Viral Compression injury leading to crush syndrome Drug-related Commonly fibrates and statins Occasionally ACE inhibitors , cocaine , and some retro-viral drugs Severe potassium deficiency Fibromyalgia Ehlers-Danlos syndrome Auto-immune disorders, including: Mixed connective tissue disease Systemic lupus erythematosus Polymyalgia rheumatica Polymyositis Dermatomyositis Multiple Sclerosis this is neurologic pain localised to myotome Infections, including: Handbook of Sexual Dysfunction.
ABC of Sexual Health. National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 30 July North American Journal of Medical Sciences. Headache Neck Odynophagia swallowing Toothache. Arthralgia joint Bone pain Myalgia muscle Muscle soreness: Cold pressor test Dolorimeter Grimace scale animals Hot plate test Tail flick test. Myopathy M60—M63 , Myositis ossificans Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva Compartment syndrome Anterior Diastasis of muscle Diastasis recti Muscle spasm.
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Causes of muscle pain fall into a few general groups, as follows: injury or overuse; stress; autoimmune disease; neurological and muscle disorders; infection;. Here's an overview of the potential causes of muscle pain, both localized and systemic, along with how doctors go about treating your pain. How to Manage Sore Muscles and Joint Pain "We call that 'delayed onset' muscle soreness," says Ethel Frese, PT, associate professor of.