A drug test is a technical analysis of a biological specimen, for example urine, hair, blood, breath, sweat, and/or oral fluid/saliva—to determine the presence or. A drug test is used to look for illegal or prescription drugs in your body. It's often used by employers and athletic organizations. Learn more. Companies certainly have their reasons for using drug tests. There are five ways employees cheat drug tests, but of these, there are three that.
There are no known physical risks to having a drug test, but a positive result may affect other aspects of your life, including your job, your eligibility to play sports, and the outcome of a court case. If your results are negative, it means no drugs were found in your body, or the level of drugs was below an established level, which differs depending on the drug. If your results are positive, it means one or more drugs were found in your body above an established level.
However, false positives can happen. So if your first test shows that you have drugs in your system, you will have further testing to figure out whether or not you are actually taking a certain drug or drugs. Before you take a drug test, you should be told what you are being tested for, why you are being tested, and how the results will be used.
If you have questions or concerns about your test, talk to your health care provider or contact the individual or organization that ordered the test.
The medical information provided is for informational purposes only, and is not to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Please contact your health care provider with questions you may have regarding medical conditions or the interpretation of test results. What is a Drug Test? The drugs most often tested for include: Marijuana Opioids , such as heroin , codeine, oxycodone, morphine, hydrocodone, and fentanyl Amphetamines, including methamphetamine Cocaine Steroids Barbiturates, such as phenobarbital and secobarbital Phencyclidine PCP Other names: It may be used for: Professional and collegiate athletes usually need to take a test for performance-enhancing drugs or other substances.
Legal or forensic purposes. Testing may be part of a criminal or motor vehicle accident investigation. Drug screening may also be ordered as part of a court case. If you've been prescribed an opioid for chronic pain, your health care provider may order a drug test to make sure you are taking the right amount of your medicine. Why do I need a drug test?
Slowed or slurred speech Dilated or small pupils Agitation Panic Paranoia Delirium Difficulty breathing Nausea Changes in blood pressure or heart rhythm What happens during a drug test? The clean catch method includes the following steps: What about other types of tests? The long window of detection makes hair tests impractical for parents. Similarly, saliva tests are easy and less invasive than urine tests, and many detect drugs before the substances are detectable in urine.
The problem is that a savvy young adult may find ways of generating more saliva to dilute the test, and smoking cigarettes may also skew the results.
Further, some kids will switch using one substance for another in an attempt to avoid a positive drug screen. For example, some teens who enjoy smoking marijuana will switch to a synthetic form like K2 or Spice to beat a marijuana drug screen, often with disastrous outcomes.
Get the answers to how to approach your son or daughter about drug use in the Intervention eBook. Recovery is a great place to start. But parents can also learn from this book and keep it on hand for important conversations. Self-care is important for a parent helping their child struggling with drugs. When your child is struggling with drugs, it can be sad, hopeful, frustrating — all at once. How do you deal with this emotion and still help your child? This is a difficult question, but if there is any reasonable suspicion then I think a parent should test, even with a drugstore kit.
If it is positive then do it with a professional to make sure the test is valid. If we really believe that addiction is a disease then we should not be afraid to lovingly and non-judgementally screen for it. Drug testing is one of the evidence-based tools that can help the process. There is almost always a core reason why someones family member uses drugs. The fact that it is so stressful for a parent and worrisome regarding ramifications of illicit drugs, a professional is a must.
Decongestants ephedrine have been implicated in causing false positives for amphetamines. The body metabolizes codeine to morphine and both substances may be found upon testing. If benzoylecgonine, the main metabolite of cocaine is detected, the person cannot claim that the result is a false positive due to Novocaine or any other "-caine" type of drug.
Benzoylecgonine is only found in nature as a metabolite of cocaine, and there would be no other valid reason for it to be present in a drug screen.
As previously mentioned, confirmatory testing with GC-MS will identify individual drugs or metabolites in a sample, and almost eliminate the chance for a false positive result. Other abnormalities in the urine screen may indicate that results may be a false negative or that there was deliberate adulteration of the sample.
In some labs, patients who receive a positive result may have the option to pay for an independent retest of the urine sample that was originally submitted. A new urine sample is not allowed for the retest as the drug in question may have been excreted from the body by that time.
The results of drug testing should remain confidential and kept separate from the regular employee work file. Legal rules vary from state to state where marijuana is now legal for recreational use.
Also, as marijuana stays in the system over a prolonged period of time, the employee may use marijuana legally, but be drug tested at a later time and lose their job. In general, according to Law, marijuana legalization laws in states where it is legal support employers in drug testing for marijuana use and firing people for it. Marijuana use is still illegal under federal law, and many employers prefer to maintain their drug-free workplace policies. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances.
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We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information - verify here. False positives More resources Drug Testing Facts Drug testing is the evaluation of a urine, blood or other type of biological sample to determine if the subject has been using the drug or drugs in question. There are many circumstances that may lead to drug testing: College or professional athletic drug testing.
Post-accident drug testing - a vehicular or on-the-job accident which may have involved human error and resulted in casualties or property damage. Quest Diagnostics Drug Testing Index: Drug Positivity in U. Workforce Rises to Highest Level in a Decade.
Accessed May 1, at https: Drug Testing in the Workplace: What the pharmacist should know. Drug Topics Modern Medicine ; Drugs of Abuse Testing. Accessed March 18, Drugs of Abuse Reference Guide. The number of American workers testing positive for drugs hits a year high. Accessed March 18, at http: Department of Health and Human Services. A Report of the Surgeon General. Accessed March 17, at https:
Frequently asked questions related to drug testing such as; the types of drug tests , drug test procedures, how long drugs stay in your system. Researchers analyzed more than 10 million drug test results and found that percent of the combined U.S. workforce (both the general. Although the panel drug test is less common than it's 5-panel counterpart, many employers use it. Here's what you should expect.